Risen probably on a preexisting etruscan installation, in 1174 it was taking in possession for account of Federico Barbarossa. From that period it was prey of the guelfe and ghibelline factions that was alternated in the dominion of the Comune of Assisi, suffering more times lootings and devastations.
In 1362, in sight of the definitive return of the Pope from Avignone, the cardinal Egidio Albornoz let begin the jobs of restructuring, that brought in prominence of it strategic importance on the territory.
But having never finished the struggle between the city factions, the Rocca Maggiore continued to pass of hand between the allied powerful persons of the families of time in time victorious in the dispute of power, from the Visconti to Biordo Michelotti, from the Sforza
to the Fortebraccio, to stay to the Church subsequently up to the transfer of property to the Italian State, in 1877.
The map devoted to the Rocca Maggiore in Assisi is a passage for me very meaningful, because Assisi is the city where I have born and where I live firmly from almost 39 years!
The Rocca Maggiore - or Rocca, simply, for us "assisani" - has been for much of my time a space of games and walk (at times also "romantic"): also for this, won't be easy to conquer it!
To end, a small suggestion: on the opposite angle to the poster from which the army comes, the panorama reveals a Cathedral... This is the Basilica of St. Francis, as it is enjoyed really from the hill of the Rocca.