Saladin's son, al-Afdal, eyewitness of the battle said:
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When the king of the Franks (Guy) was on the hill with that band, they made a formidable charge against the Muslims facing them, so that they drove them back to my father (Saladin). I looked towards him and he was overcome by grief and his complexion pale. He took hold of his beard and advanced, crying out "Give the lie to the Devil!" The Muslims rallied, returned to the fight and climbed the hill. When I saw that the Franks withdrew, pursued by the Muslims, I shouted for joy, "We have beaten them!" But the Franks rallied and charged again like the first time and drove the Muslims back to my father. He acted as he had done on the first occasion and the Muslims turned upon the Franks and drove them back to the hill. I again shouted, "We have beaten them!" but my father rounded on me and said, "Be quiet! We have not beaten them until that tent (Guy's) falls." As he was speaking to me, the tent fell. The sultan dismounted, prostrated himself in thanks to God Almighty and wept for joy.
The Muslim forces had captured the royal tent of King Guy, as well as the True Cross after the Bishop of Acre was killed in the fighting. Prisoners included Guy, his brother Amalric II, Raynald, William V of Montferrat, Gerard de Ridefort, Humphrey IV of Toron, Hugh of Jabala, Plivain of Botron, Hugh of Gibelet, and many others. Perhaps only as few as 3,000 Christians escaped the defeat.
The exhausted captives were brought to Saladin's tent, where Guy was given a goblet of iced water as a sign of Saladin's generosity. When Guy passed the goblet to his fellow captive Raynald, Saladin allowed the old man (Raynald was about 60) to drink but shortly afterwards said that he had not offered water to Raynald and thus was not bound by the Muslim rules of hospitality. When Saladin accused Raynald of being an oath breaker, Raynald replied, "Kings have always acted thus." Saladin then executed Raynald himself, beheading him with his sword. Guy fell to his knees at the sight of Raynald's corpse but Saladin bade him to rise, saying, "Real kings do not kill each other." The True Cross was fixed upside down on a lance and sent to Damascus. Several of Saladin's men now left the army, taking Frankish prisoners with them as slaves.
On Sunday, July 5, Saladin traveled the six miles (10 km) to Tiberias and, there, Countess Eschiva surrendered the citadel of the fortress. She was allowed to leave for Tripoli with all her family, followers, and possessions. Raymond of Tripoli, having escaped the battle, died of pleurisy later in 1187.
On Monday, July 6, two days after the battle, the captured Templars and Hospitallers were given the opportunity to convert to Islam. According to Imad al-Din, only a few accepted, although those that did became devout Muslims.
Saladin's camp near Tiberias
Royal camp of King Guy at Sephoria (Saffuriya)
The crusader's towers on the hill, protect farms below
Saladin executed Raynald of Chatillon
Hey, a second map on the famous and devastating battle. Confused I am to see just a river in the valley (must be the Jordan), not high and dry plains (the Horns) ...
First impressions from playing: not a historical reconstruction but a great and vivid scenario inspired by the capturing of Tiberias and the big battle. Much effort done, huge and numerous invasions, a custom apple farm, many restrictions of buildings and trading. An exciting nature and custom village (the outline of walls reminds me of a stocky cathedral, the keep being in the centre).
The Crusader troops are suffering badly (though near water and spring) but can still be deadly. The starting amount of gold is quite high but players must not be mislead. As Arabian troops are expensive, that gold will melt away soon.
[Edited on 08/05/09 @ 09:00 AM]