Posted on 04/03/12 @ 03:35 PM (updated 04/10/12
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Stronghold Crusader - Skirmish - Moscow
The first reference to Moscow dates from 1147. At the time it was a town on the western border of Vladimir-Suzdal Principality.
Nine years later, in 1156, Prince Yuri Dolgorukiy of Rostov ordered the construction of a wooden wall, the Kremlin, which had to be rebuilt multiple times, to surround the emerging city.
In the course of the Mongol invasion of 1237–1238, the Golden Horde burned the city to the ground and killed its inhabitants.
The timber fort on the Moscow river was inherited by the son of Alexander Nevsky in the 1260s and became involved in the power struggles of the principality.
Its favorable position on the headwaters of the Volga River contributed to steady expansion.
Under Ivan I of Moscow the city replaced Tver as a political center of Vladimir-Suzdal and and became the capital of the independent Vladimir-Suzdal principality in 1327.
Moscow developed into a stable and prosperous principality, known as Grand Duchy of Moscow, for many years and attracted a large number of refugees from across Russia.
In 1380, prince Dmitry Donskoy of Moscow led a united Russian army to an important victory over the Tatars in the Battle of Kulikovo.
The battle, however, was not decisive and only two years later Moscow was attacked by Khan Tokhtamysh.
Ivan III, in 1480, finally broke the Russians free from Tatar control, allowing Moscow to become the center of power in Russia.
Under Ivan III the city became the capital of an empire that would eventually encompass all of present-day Russia.
In 1571, the Crimean Tatars attacked Moscow, burning everything but the Kremlin.
In 1609, the Swedish army led by Count Jacob and Evert Horn entered Moscow in 1610 and suppressed the rebellion against the Tsar.
During the Polish–Muscovite War (1605–1618) the Polish–Lithuanian army invaded Moscow in 1611 and hetman Stanislaw Zolkiewski entered Moscow after defeating the Russians in the Battle of Klushino.
The 17th century was rich in popular risings, such as the liberation of Moscow from the Polish–Lithuanian invaders (1612), the Salt Riot (1648), the Copper Riot (1662), and the Moscow Uprising of 1682.
The plague epidemics ravaged Moscow in 1570–1571, 1592 and 1654–1656.
The city ceased to be Russia’s capital in 1712, after the founding of Saint Petersburg by Peter the Great near the Baltic coast in 1703.
The Plague of 1771 was the last massive outbreak of plague in central Russia, claiming up to 100,000 lives.
During the French invasion of Russia in 1812, the Muscovites burned the city and evacuated, as Napoleon’s forces were approaching.
Napoleon’s army, plagued by hunger, cold and poor supply lines, was forced to retreat and was nearly annihilated by the devastating Russian winter and sporadic attacks by Russian military forces.
As many as 400,000 died in the adventure and only a few tens of thousands of ravaged troops returned.
This map is based on medieval maps of Moscow, it was built from scratch and is historically and geographically correct.